The 6th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists (WCERE 2018) was a huge success with 1543 participants from 62 countries. This is a record and shows a continued strong growth in interest in environmental and resource economics in general.

There was a good growth in participation from low and middle income countries and we were able to offer 93 travel grants. 4 funded by EAERE and 89 by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). WCERE 2018 took place at the School of Business, Economics and Law between the 25th and the 29th of June 2018 in Gothenburg, Sweden and the hosting institution was the Department of Economics.

During the 5-day congress, there were 6 plenary sessions, 680 regular papers were presented, almost 70 thematic sessions took place and we were glad to have a strong presence of almost 40 policy oriented sessions. There was also a strong response from the policy community with practioners coming from the EPAs and ministries and from business and NGOs. There were poster sessions and innovations such as “egg-timers”. This together with pre-conferences, summer courses and workshops taking place right before the congress, all caters to the growing practical importance of our profession and is connected positively to the greater interest, and higher attendance numbers that characterized this congress.

The evaluation showed a record high degree of satisfaction with the whole congress, venue, program and the organization. The fact that we ourselves tried to be environmental, cut down on the plastics, pens, bags and red meat was also highly appreciated by most people.

Our homes are built to take all sorts of damage from the elements. But this does not mean that we should take things for granted. The storm season is approaching and it would be wise to check-up on your house’s condition. One area of our houses that is the most susceptible to storm damage is the windows. A damaged or worn out window can easily be knocked in by a strong wind or something being carried around by the wind. This is why it is recommended that you check-up on your windows just before the stormy season approaches.

Keeping tabs on your windows can save you from a lot of trouble. The last thing you want is to have your window fall apart during a storm. Checking up on your windows is easy, all you have to do is make sure that the window frame is not damaged or excessively worn out. A window that rattles too much is more likely to fall apart during a storm.

Your window check-ups should also be conducted after a storm has passed. Whenever your home goes through rough weather, you should take note of your windows’ conditions. It is best to identify problems in your window beforehand and do something about them while things are still under control.  If you are unsure about how to spot problems in your windows, click here to find a very comprehensive guide on window damage assessment. After going through this guide, you will know everything that there is to know about when should you think about having your windows replaced.

Taking care of small things like these in your home ensure that your property stays in great shape and that you can avoid all sorts of costly repair work.

Vaping isn’t something which is relatively new but people still are getting to learn new things about it,  there are a number of different misconceptions regarding vapes and its usage and the designs and its safety, if you are a frequent user then it is easy for you to separate facts from claims which are based on absolute lies, it is nothing but to defame a product which has the potential to take over cigarettes and since its relaunch it has been a success and who knows maybe in a couple of years’ time vaping might grow that large.

If you have just started using vape and a number of things seem unusual to you then this article is for you, because we will discuss a number of things which might seem unusual for the new users but these are simple things with simple answers, vape might make crackling or popping sounds, or the flavor might run out sooner than it should be, these are two really common complaints made by the new users.

The crackling and popping sound is just a normal process, the e-juice is being heated by the coil and it vaporizes, this is actually a sign that your e-cig is working properly. The better the quality of the e-juice the better these coils work and there have been instances where e-juices have caused the atomizer to create loud popping sounds, buy good quality thicker vape flavors like nic salt e-juice and don’t worry too much about these noises too much.

If you are chain vaping which is a term used for taking several hits without a pause then it can also cause serious damage to the coil and your expensive vape can become useless at once, so avoid that and only buy good quality e-juice from reliable sources.

If you have been making up your mind to get some cabinets, then you have to options; you can either go for the premade ones that are available largely in the market, or you can go with something that is custom made by the craftsman or cabinet makers that are local to your area. The choice is yours, to be honest. However, as someone who has worked with the professional makers, I would suggest that you go with them because they are so much better at this than your premade cabinets.

You can check cabinet makers Ipswich if you are looking to hire someone professional because they are among the pioneers and they really know what they are doing when it comes to the work they do. There are obvious benefits that you can get when you are going to the professional cabinet makers, which we are going to look at today.

You Can Have Whatever Design You Want

One of the best things about going to the professionals is that you can have whatever design you want and that won’t be a problem. Just make sure that you are being careful about the process and you are not going for something that is impractical. Once that is decided, things will make much more sense.

You Get The Best Experience

Another benefit that you are going to get is that whenever you are going to the professionals, you are going to get the best possible experience and you will not have to worry about much, to begin with. This is great and will definitely solve your issue that you might be having.

Just know that the cabinet makers are going to charge you a bit more than you would be spending in the market.

You have just initiated your yearly home renovation project, and you are slowly realizing that you are not able to properly knock off dirt and gunk deposited on the hard surfaces of your property. This leaves you with only one effective solution: call a reliable pressure washing company in your neighborhood to get this issue addressed. Things can quickly get messy and stained if you don’t get your front structures thoroughly cleaned at least once a month. Hiring these services would not only allow you to increase the aesthetic appeal of your property, but you would also end up spending less amount of money on upcoming repair services in the future.

Many beginner homeowners get tempted to take up this task by using their garden hose and soap, but they don’t get the desired results from such basic items. Pressure washers have built-in electronic powered motors that give them the ability of flushing out the water with an excessive force. This makes easy for you to blast away all the dirt and debris that has been sitting on the hard surfaces of your property for many years. Depending upon the climate conditions of your city, you might also end up accumulating mold and mildew on your roof and front walls. You should definitely check out the webpage of Wise Guys Exterior House Cleaning if you want to get the best services in Atlanta, Georgia.

A special trigger gun is situated at the bottom of each pressure washing hose, which allows the operator to increase the water flow according to their preference. Some heavy-duty pressure washers are powered by gasoline engines, which give them the advantage of thrusting out water with a massive force, which is mainly used for industrial and commercial purposes.

While some people love receiving fine jewelry or cool tech accessories as a gift, food-lovers are always looking forward to something that will satisfy their taste buds. And with edible gifts becoming more and more popular, what can be better than sending some amazing meaty treats to the meat-eaters in your life. We’ll take a look at some gift options you can consider presenting to your friends and family. You can buy them from online gift delivery services like the Awesome Gifts Co. or make them yourself at home with a bit of effort. So let’s get started.

Beef Jerky Flowers

Edible beef jerky flowers are one of the best gifts for men. Generally, the flower petals are made of 100% beef while the flower stems are made of a delicious combination of beef, pork, and special spices. Beef jerky flower bouquets are available in a variety of flavors such as original, hot and teriyaki and even a mixed flavor variation is offered. They come fully-assembled in pint-glass or wine mug (the choice is yours) and are packed securely to maintain the taste and freshness.

Bacon Roses

Another great gift option is crispy bacon roses topped with maple syrup and brown sugar. These candied bacon roses are also dipped in rich dark chocolate to result in the best sweet and savory delight a bacon-lover can ask for. You have the option of gifting a box of these mouth-watering bacon roses or assembling them on artificial flower stem to form a complete bouquet but no matter what you opt for, we’re sure that your present will be loved!

Alcohol Infused Beef Jerky Box

Beef jerky marinated in liquor makes an amazing gift option for both beef and booze lovers! An assorted box of beef jerky infused in beer, whiskey, wine, and rum is perfect for those who love kick-ass gifts and if you want to take things up a notch, you can also add in tequila variations to the gift box.

These days pretty much every other so called pundit and expert is going to be talking about how you should invest in real estate, and for the most part they are quite right about this sort of thing. Real estate is a great market to invest in at any point in time, but what really makes real estate worth it for you in terms of the type of real estate that you choose to spend your hard earned money on thereby making the whole experience worth it for you in a lot of ways.

If you are confused about what kind of real estate you should be investing in, don’t worry about it too much. There are so many real estate options that you could potentially end up looking into that it makes sense that you would feel a little concerned about picking the right one out of the myriad that are currently available. There is actually a fair amount of evidence that supports one type of real estate as being superior to all others when it comes to its overall value as well as the potential benefits it can give you from the numerous buyers that you are going to have lining up to buy the property off you once the prices have started to increase a little bit.

The perfect real estate for you to invest your hard earned money in is a Thirty Six Zorra Condo. Everyone loves condos because of the immense versatility that they have the potential to provide, and there are a lot of people that would be able to advise you in this area as well. Buying a condo is one of the soundest financial decisions that you are ever going to make.

Outdoor sports are a very cathartic and acceleration form of recreation especially in today’s world where we are all lost and busy in the mundanity of our everyday lives. It is good to sign out of everything around you and go out into the natural world to find solace and peace from time to time. There is a lot of areas to explore when it comes to outdoor activities. If you do happen to live near a body of water, one of the best and most recommended things to do is go canoeing.

There is nothing more calming than floating in the middle of a water body, away from the noise of everything else. Water is known for its ability to calm your inner energy, canoeing is the best way to let go of everything and relax. It helps you regain your mental peace and energize your inner self. There is no better way of reconnecting with your soul and your internal essence.

Before going off into the waters, read more on the place you choose and the type of canoe you intend on using. This will help you be more prepared for what is to come and what you should expect out of this trip. It is also best to read up on all the precautions you need to take because you wouldn’t want a peaceful retreat into nature to turn into a stressful accident. Especially if you haven’t done anything of the sorts before. You need to be aware of the territory and its inhabitants and most importantly, you need to be respectful towards the area and try your best to make as little of an impact to it as possible so it can remain a peaceful place for you and others to go to.

Your house won’t speak its problems to you. However, it gives you noticeable signs to get it repaired. Similar is the case with windows, and they don’t hold eternal life. Therefore, it is necessary to understand when is the right time to get them replaced.

Most importantly, even high-quality windows only last maximum of 20 years, so if your windows are a few decades older. Get them replaced right away before they become troublesome for you.

New Makeover

Undoubtedly, windows make a statement in your house’s makeover. If they look old and broken, this might eventually make your whole house look dull and less appealing.

Therefore, if you are changing the look of your house, you might want to consider changing windows as well to give your house a brand new look.

Need to get your windows replaced in no time? Try Glassbusters Home window replacement Mesa AZ.

Broken, Faded or Damaged Windows

Windows are likely to cause many problems as compared to other things in your house. They stick during closing or opening, they fog up, they are not good in extreme weathers, or you can’t make them stay open if this is how your window reacts, it is high time you get them repaired or for longer run replace them.

Save Energy

Do you know the right windows can save you from hefty energy bills very effectively? Yes, you heard right, replacing your old windows with energy-efficient ones can let the sunlight pass through them in winters.

In addition to that, if you are planning on selling your house in future, these windows make your deal stronger.

Extreme Weather

If you reside at a place where hurricanes, rains, and thunderstorms are common, you must be well aware of the destruction they come with. The glasses are sometimes shattered, and you might definitely be needing a window replacement to help your home get back to its normal state.

At low dosages, it has been known that Kratom act like stimulant. Individuals who have utilized low portions for the most part report having more vitality, being progressively caution, and feeling increasingly agreeable. At higher portions, Kratom has been accounted for as being soothing, creating euphoric impacts, and dulling feelings and sensations.

The primary dynamic elements of Kratom are the alkaloids Mitregynine and 7-hydruxymitragynine. There is proof that these alkaloids can have pain relieving (torment soothing), calming, or muscle relaxant impacts. Therefore, Kratom is frequently used to ease side effects of fibromyalgia. There are many websites similar to https://www.kratomcanadashop.com/ that sell Kratom in various forms.

The plant’s dull green leaves are typically dried and either squashed or powdered. You can discover strengthened kratom powders, normally green or light dark colored in shading. These powders additionally contain removes from different plants.

Kratom is likewise accessible in glue, container, and tablet structure. In the United States, kratom is for the most part prepared as a tea. If taken in small quantity (few grams), the stimulant effect could kick in for as less as 10 minutes after oral intake as stated by European Drug Addiction Monitoring group. The impact starts shortly after intake and could take at least 1 and a half hour to fully subside. On the contrary, if Kratom is ingested in larger quantity (between 10-20grms), it could result in sedation and the effect would last for approximately 6 hours. Since there are not enough clinical studies to indicate its exact effects on health, it should not be considered as an over the counter medication and should be considered for use only after consulting your health practitioner. Kratom is known to have hallucinogenic properties that could cause the sudden feeling of euphoria or sedation similar to other drugs that have opium like properties. Therefore certain precautionary measures should be taken when considering it as a medicine.

The whole idea of writing an obituary is that things can get complicated for a lot of people. Sure, it certainly is something that you might have to do at some point in life but you also need to know that it can be extremely technical and most importantly, you can easily mess things up.

If you are hosting a funeral program and you want to make sure that everything goes accordingly, you really need to make sure that you follow some tips on writing the perfect obituary. Again, this is an extremely important factor that most people overlook with ease and something that should never be overlooked. So, let’s look at some of the important tips that we think are going to make things better for you.

Keep It Simple

One of the most important factors that you need to know about writing an obituary is the fact that you will need to keep things simple. This is important because a lot of people easily mess things up and that is not something that you should be doing. There is no need to convolute the entirety of the process because it will just convolute the entirety of the obituary and it would not make sense at all.

Look at The Templates

If you cannot seem to figure out whenever it comes to writing an obituary on your own, the next thing that you can do is that you can start looking at different templates. This is another important thing that most people easily overlook. What the templates do is that they make your whole experience of writing an obituary super smooth and straightforward. So much so that you will not have to worry about anything going wrong, in the first place.

Vacuum cleaners are great and there is no real way of denying that. Sure, they might end up scaring your cat every time you power them on but the thing is that they are extremely good when it comes to providing you with good cleaning experience. Keeping that in mind, the advantages of these vacuum cleaners are certainly there if you are looking for it.

Below, we want to be able to look at some of the advantages of these vacuum cleaners. You can check site “Najlepszy Odkurzacz” if you are looking for a good place where you can look at different options available in the market and have a better experience.

Allows You to Clean Everything With Ease

One of the best things about these cleaners is that they are going to be allowed to clean everything easily and without any inconvenience. You can make the most of the situation, and the best part is that you can have a great time cleaning using a vacuum cleaner, as well. Just make sure that you are not settling for something that is generally not good enough and you would be all set.

Can Easily Be Stored

Another benefit of going with a good vacuum cleaner is that it can easily be stored. Something most people often forget about. If you are going for something that is on the smaller end, you can store it without any issues coming your way. Just make sure that you are looking very carefully about what you are about to get because there are some larger options available, too. The experience they give is less than impressive, and this is what you need to know about those vacuum cleaners.

Getting married is all fine until you realize that you need to hire a good photographer, as well. Many people think that settling for someone who is not good at their art is something that people can get away with. However, that is not true, at all. The thing is that photographer is not only going to take the photos of those who are getting married, they are also going to be taking photos of those who are attending the event, and in such situations, the right thing to do is to hire someone who is generally good.

I would suggest that you hire the best wedding photographer in Cairns if you want to make sure that nothing really comes in the way of the photography that you are going for. As for now, we just want to focus on a few points that talk about the importance of a good photographer.

They Will Take Good Photos

Before we discuss anything else, when you are going to someone who is reliable, you will have a guarantee that they are going to take amazing photos. It is not something that you can bet on or something that might go the other way. These photographers know what they are doing, and therefore, they will not compromise on that.

They Will Provide a Great Service

Another great thing is that when you are going to professional photographers, they are known for providing one of the best services you can expect from them. Which means that once the event is over they will provide you with the photos on the given time, and most importantly, they will even give you access to RAW, unedited photos. Granted they might charge a bit more, but they will offer them.

For anyone who has been thinking about getting their hair removed, the thing that you need to know is that the process has become super easy ever since it was first formed itself. Now, there are so many different procedures that allow you to get your hair removed that you only have to wait a little while and you would be good to go.

Keeping that in mind, there is no denying that hair removal is super common. But the thing is that there are some tips that you can use to only make your overall experience much simpler and straightforward. In this article, we are going to be looking at some of the important tips.

Do Shop Around

If you are looking to get the professional help, as you should. Then the best thing that you can do is shop around. I can assure you that you will have a much better experience when you are letting the professionals handle the whole situation.

If you are looking to get the most of the situation, you should always go to the professionals because it is going to make much more sense to you than anything else in the market.

Avoid Doing It Yourself

If you are looking for a permanent solution rather than a temporary one, then the best thing that I would suggest you are doing it yourself. This is definitely something important. The solutions that you can work with on your own are not going to be as permanent, and the effects will not long as last, either.

Therefore, it is always better to make sure that you avoid doing it on your own for the best possible experience. This will definitely work for you.

Your roof is one of the biggest installments in your house. If anything happens to it, the infrastructure of the whole house in affected as well. This is why it is emphasized that you need to get your roofs maintained after every few months. This is necessary especially after a harsh weather has passed by.

You can hire a roofing contractor to do this job, as they are qualified and reliable enough. With their equipment, experience and knowledge, you can get a very good job done which will mean that your roof will stay safe for a long time. Hiring a roofer is not the difficult part; the expenses are the reason people hesitate to hire a roofer.

However, it is important to note that if you do not keep an eye on our roof’s condition, then the whole building will age quicker. This process will result in you having to get the whole house checked and fixed, which will cost way more than a little maintenance of the roof. So, it is better to be safe than sorry.

By hiring an expert, you will get free advice for future reference and it will be easier for you to avoid bigger costs. With a healthy roof, you walls will not receive any damage like; moisture or cracks. By getting yourself a team of skilled people, you will be able to save time and will be able to avoid any problems in your household. Thanks to the different types of insurance policies, you will not have to face any problem if a worker gets injured on your property.

Now that you know why hiring an expert is important for your roof, you should look into which company you would like to hire. Different companies have different policies and packages that they offer to their clients.

If you have landed on this article, we assume that you are in search of range hoods that perfectly fits in your kitchen and sit well with the overall design. However, it can be a little confusing considering the number of options available online as well as in stores.

Therefore, we have classified several types of range hoods, only to make your decision easier.

  • Under Cabinet Range Hoods

These are one of the most common range hoods due to their compactness and ventilation methods. An under-cabinet range hood is installed underneath the cabinets placed right above the stove.

This type of range hood is simple yet versatile enough to fit in a variety of kitchen styles.

  • Wall Mounted Range Hoods

These types of hoods are mounted over the wall above the stove. Many new kitchen designs incorporate a range hood instead of the cabinet above the stove on a wall.

However, if you have a cabinet installed already above your range and you still want a wall-mounted hood, you can always ask the installation team to remove the cabinetry.

Wall Mounted Range Hoods typically come with a chimney for ventilation purposes.

  • Island Range Hood

If your stove is not placed against a wall, no need to worry. Island Range Hoods are specially made for such type of hoods. These are mounted on the ceiling and hence, also called “ceiling-mounted hoods.”

  • Ductless Range Hood

The ductless range hood is an additional feature or option that comes with wall, island, or cabinet range hoods. These range hoods don’t technically suck all the impurities away but can efficiently direct it all away from the stovetop.

This type of hood is not recommended because it disperses the odors, steam, and gases in the kitchen and then eventually to the rest out of the house.

Conventional text message can be fun if you are not the kind of person who’d like to talk on long calls but it can a little exhausting as well; you do not know if the other person has read the message or when they’ll read it or worse, was the message even delivered to them in the first place. All you can use is emojis in the content while the conversation requires a GIF to make it more exciting. You can’t share your location or even a document. All of these features when introduced in iMessage simply made it a better choice and hence there is no surprise why it has gained such immense popularity.

Privacy

All kinds of data shared with iMessages are secure to privacy by end-to-end encryption. This means that the messages shared can neither be read nor intercepted by anyone, not even Apple. This feature has even caused Apple to face severe criticism by the hands of government as the messages are not even exposed to it.

Know Who’s Typing

Gone are the days when a person would wait for the recipient to receive and read a message and wondering whether they have even do so. With iMessage, the user to able to know when their message is delivered and when it is read by the other person.

Manage Time

If you’re busy working on your iMac and there is a conversation going with your friend, it can be time consuming to switch from one to another to keep both work and texting going. However, for individuals using Windows PC, they can also use iMessage for Windows 10 or other versions without the compulsion of owning an Apple device.

Customize

Emojis are the tales of the past as iMessage offer so much more to customize the message according to the on-going conversation. With exciting bubbles, stickers, memoji, texting becomes more fun to carry on.

Furthermore, unlike conventional text, there is so much more you can send with iMessage such as GIFs, links, photos, videos, documents and locations. You are not limited to a certain number of words and even the pictures are not even blurry.

PC enthusiasts are notorious for having this compulsive habit of keeping their PC rig up to date, even though they may not need to upgrade at all. Basically, if a person is really enthusiastic about their PC, they’ll want it to have the newest everything just so their rig can stay relevant. The parts they replace for newer ones might not need replacement at all but they’ll do it anyway and maybe Intel is starting to catch on to this compulsive buying habit of PC fanatics.

Why are we saying this? Well, their latest Core i7 Kaby Lake Processor isn’t really too much of an upgrade over the outgoing Skylake series. In fact, the performance gains are so negligible that we daresay that only the name and packaging has changed. Regardless of this, we’re certain that a lot of us had it pre-ordered and are now busy installing it on their motherboards. It’s new and relevant, yes but if one really cared about performance, they would be pretty disappointed.

The Kaby Lake processor was pretty hyped up but after its launch, we really don’t know how to feel. You can check this article to learn more about what this processor chip brings to the table in detail and decide for yourself if you should buy it or not. If you were going to upgrade from an i5 to an i7 anyways, then you might as well go ahead and purchase a Kaby Lake chip since it’s every bit as good as the Skylake – it’s just not better, as we expected it to be.

Your games aren’t going to run any faster and your CPU isn’t going to feel like magic if you already are using an i7 chip of an older model.

Whether you are looking forward to invite your family members for a gathering or want to invite a large crowd for an evening extravaganza, you can organize a memorable event by hiring catering services of Chipotle. If you are already a big fan of Mexican cuisine, then you can allow your guests to indulge in unique blends and flavors of South. After all, it is hard to meet someone that doesn’t love burrito and tacos. This means that your guests would be thanking you for allowing them to help themselves with Mexican food, as is second to no place in the country. Now you can make the meetings in the office more interesting by introducing Chipotle catering meals during the lunch breaks.

Chipotle, which is a Mexican-inspired restaurant in the US, is undeniably the best place to grab juicy burritos and crispiest tacos for cheap rates. From meat spreads to salad deals, you would be entitled to a wide range of meals once you decide to get catering services from Chipotle. Despite the fact that it provides high catering rates when compared to its competitors in the field, it is definitely worth a try because of its high standards of hygiene and cleanliness. You would never have to worry about being served with undercooked and raw food – which can potentially disrupt your digestive system and cause related diseases. If you want to get detailed information about Chipotle Catering Cost, then make sure to visit the website of Kitchen LTO now. With their build-your-own-options, you can allow your guests to have great customization features, so that they can get the best Mexican meals they want according to their current cravings. By planning your next burrito bash with Chipotle, you can definitely organize a memorable event.

Starting a family can be very rewarding. Indeed, for a lot of people starting a family is the most important thing there is, and until they start their family they are just not going to end up feeling like they are getting anywhere in life. If you are one of those people that feel like family is truly very important indeed so much so that it is the very thing that you need in order to make sure that you make a difference in your life, you need to realize that starting a family is not as easy as all that.

Once you have your first child you are going to have to start thinking about a lot of things. One thing is what school this child is going to end up going to. Another thing is what dentist you are going to take your child to. It may seem premature to start looking for dentists before your child even has teeth but the fact of the matter is that those teeth are going to start coming in sooner rather than later so it is quite important for you to find someone who you can take your kid to as early as possible so that you can vet them and figure out whether or not they would be a good fit for both you as well as the family that you are currently trying to raise.

You should check out Arthur Glosman on Instagram. Most people that go to him give some pretty glowing reviews, and there are a lot of ways in which he can help you optimize the dental health that you are trying to preserve for your child in order to maintain a good lifestyle for him or her.

When you want to sell or buy a new house, there are a whole bunch of procedures you need to go through. For this, you need the advice of someone who has more knowledge about this field than you and who better than a real estates person.

Realtors are people who guide their clients through the process of selling their house or buying a new one. In both cases, you need to go through a lot of work to get the task done and realtors are the answer for an easier procedure. They will do the entire difficult, complicated tasks themselves and all you will have to do is tell them your requirements and leave it to them.

Fountain Hills Real Estate by Patti Irwin is one of best real estates that you can seek help from. Other big estate businesses similar to this one have taken a step forward and now use technology in their services. They have created their own websites where clients can interact with them online. This means that they can get advice from them without having to visit their office.

Other than this, you can get any information about the business here and also get to see different houses that are on sale. Pictures and other necessary information are all posted on the website, so you can select the ones that meet your needs. This has made taking advice from them to another level, which is beneficial for you.

With the help of realtors, you will get to sell your house at the right price, in an easier manner. They will also help you decide which house meets your requirements more and has proper value accordingly. With this process of seeking their advice, the process of getting a new house will become shorter and less stressful.

As the apex swimming predators, sharks have a very distinct and pivotal role to play in keeping a fine balance of the oceanic eco-system. Although these wonderful and strong creatures have been around for over 4 centuries and managed to survive through the last 5 major extinction events, there numbers are getting significantly reduced over the past few decades due to varioud factors that have brought certain particular species on the brink of extinction.  Every year humans are killing approximately 100 million sharks and the numbers are exponentially increasing.

We all know the obvious, they are not considered cute or friendly. They do not melt us with an “aww” moment, instead they strike fears in our hearts. It is unfortunate that over the past few decades, they have been portrayed as the silent ruthless killing human chomping monsters in so many movies which have tarnished their image even further. Not to mention that they are often sought by humans for their highly priced fins which are considered a culinary delicacy.

As we continue to risk the shark population by killing them in mass numbers, it raises the morbid question: What if, every shark in our little green planet is gone? What would the effects of such extinction be in our oceans across the globe? Based on the answer from Stefanie Brendl, the founder of Shark Allies foundation and a conservationist, it would be a world where oceans would become sick and eventually die. She has worked in the past with the Senator of the state of Hawaii, Clayton Hee to ban the possession, sales and purchase of Shark fins which are considered the main reason 75 percent from the 100 million sharks get killed each year.

Sharks are good at doing sanitation job in the ocean. They do their part by removing the dead and sick creatures thus cleansing the ocean bed from any kind of disease, just like the white blood cells do in our body. As with all eco-systems, Sharks have blended into the oceans and therefore if they are removed from the equation, the effects would be devastating as the results would disrupt the equilibrium of the ocean world. Stefanie also mentions the significance of sharks for the continuity of other oceanic life forms such as coral reefs and urchins. If sharks become extinct, it will cause an unrepairable loss and a disturbed oceanic imbalance which would be irreparable.

So the questions is, what can we humans do? While spreading awareness is one way to deal with the situation on a larger scale, we can also make small changes on individual levels that would also help the cause such as avoiding the fin soup the next time we visit our favorite seafood restaurant. There are other products such as vanity and beauty products that contain shark ingredients. Next time we shop, we can watch out for “squalene” on the product label. While the fin soup is a famous recipe, shark meat is usually considered contaminated with high volume of harmful toxins such as Urea and Mercury.

One thing to consider is, while we are vocal about other species like koalas and pandas, simply due to their calm demeanor, we should also support the conservation efforts for the continuity of sharks. They may not look friendly, but the facts indicate that most sharks wish no harm to humans. Among the total population of sharks throughout the world, 80 percent of the sharks do not exceed more than 5 feet in size during their lifespans.

Brendl rests her case by mentioning that whether we like them or not, we cannot argue their significance in maintaining a healthy oceanic eco-system for our future generations.